The word Scoliosis is derived from the Greek: skoliosis meaning “crooked condition” (Harper 2010 on-line reference). It is a medical condition which involves a person’s spine having a curvature to the left or right side.

Scoliosis is classified as:

  • Congenital i.e. caused by vertebral anomalies present since birth), or idiopathic where a cause unknown has lead to the development) these are further sub-classified as:
  • According to when onset developed e.g. Infantile, Juvenile or Adolescent
  • Neuromuscular i.e. having developed secondary following another condition e.g. Physical trauma, cerebral palsy, spina bifida and spinal muscular atrophy.

While various causes have been implicated with scoliosis, there is no consensus among scientists as the cause of scoliosis. It is widely considered to have multifactorial causal agents (Kouwenhoven J., Castelein, R., 2008). The degree of curvature can be variable and this condition is more commonly diagnosed amongst females (e.g. for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS), female : male ratio is around 7:1). AIS is recognised as having a genetic component (Good, 2009).

The Scoliosis Research Society, reports that the prevalence of AIS is 2% to 3% in the general population, almost 10% of whom require some form of treatment, and up to 0.1% of whom will require surgical intervention (Lonsrein 2006). Reichel (3003) considers that except for extreme cases, AIS does not typically cause any health problems during growth.


Physio4motion is not responsible for external site content.



Scoliosis Association UK


NHS Scoliosis Information Page


BBC Information Page


British Scoliosis Society



Good C. (2009).

 "The Genetic Basis of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis,"

 Journal of the Spinal Research Foundation, Spring 2009 Vol 4.1.


Harper D. (2010)

Online Etymology Dictionary.

 Accessed 30 January 2010.


Kouwenhoven J., Castelein, R., (2008).

 'The Pathogenesis of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis'.

 Spine,   vol. 33, no. 26, pp. 2898-2908.


Lonstein J. (2006)

Scoliosis: Surgical versus non-surgical treatment.

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2006; 443: 284-59


Reichel D. Schanz J. (2003).

Development of Psychological aspects of scoliosis treatment.

Pediatr rehabil 2003; 6(3-4): 221-5.




The operator of this site, and the publisher, specifically disclaim all responsibility for any liability, loss or risk, personal or otherwise, which is incurred as a consequence, directly or indirectly, of the use and application of any of the material on this site. 

The information contained in this online site is made available with the understanding that the author and publisher are not engaged in providing medical or treatment of any kind.

Information on this site should not be used in place of a call or visit to a medical, health care professional, who should be consulted before adopting any of the suggestions in this site or drawing inferences from it.

Published by Physio4motion Cardiff Physiotherap Clinic


Comments (0)

Post a Comment
* Your Name:
* Your Email:
(not publicly displayed)
Reply Notification:
Approval Notification:
* Security Image:
Security Image Generate new
Copy the numbers and letters from the security image:
* Message: